新引力波发现 新引力波对人类到底有何意义

2017-10-17 09:55 来源:互联网

BEIJINGSHIJIAN10YUE17RIXIAOXI,MEIGUOGUOJIAKEXUEJIJINHUIYAOQINGYINLIBOYANJIUKEXUEJIAZAI10YUE16RIWANJIANZHAOKAIFABUHUI,TONGBAOLEYINLIBOYANJIULINGYUDEZHONGYAOJINZHAN。KEXUEJIAMENXUANBUTAMENSHOUCIJIANCEDAOLEYIZHONGXINXINGDEYINLIBO,LAIZIZHONGZIXINGHEBINGSHIJIAN,BINGQIEYUQIANJICIYINLIBOSHIJIANDOUBUTONGDESHI,CICIKEXUEJIAMENHAIJIANCEDAOLECHANSHENGCICIYINLIBOXINHAODEDUIYINGTIANTI。RUGUOJIANGYINLIBOBIZUOSHENGYIN,ERJIANGGUANGXUEBODUANDEGUANCEBIZUOSHIJUE,NEIMECIQIANSICIDEYINLIBOXINHAODOUSHI“ZHIWENQISHENG,BUJIANQIREN”,ERZHEIYICI,WOMENZHAODAOLEYINLIBOXINHAODUIYINGDETIANTI,KEWEI“WENQISHENG,QIEJIANQIREN”——MIANDUIGUANGMAOYUZHOU,WOMENBIANDE“ERCONGMUMING”LE!

海信电器   NEIME,RUGUONICUOGUOLEZHEICHANGFABUHUI,YIXIAJIUSHIGUANYUZHEICIFABUHUIZUIHEXINNEIRONGDETONGSUJIEDU。

  新进展一:首次观测到新型引力波

  JIANDANYIJUHUA,JIUSHIZHEIYICIWOMENTANCEDAOLEYIZHONGGENZHIQIANJICIWANQUANBUTONGLEIXINGDEYINLIBOXINHAO。

迄今为止,全部探测到的五次引力波事件。前面四个都来自黑洞的合并,最下面那个是今天宣布的,首个来自中子星合并的引力波信号。可以看到,这一信号的持续时间明显要比之前来自黑洞合并的引力波信号长得多迄今为止,全部探测到的五次引力波事件。前面四个都来自黑洞的合并,最下面那个是今天宣布的,首个来自中子星合并的引力波信号。可以看到,这一信号的持续时间明显要比之前来自黑洞合并的引力波信号长得多
中子星合并并产生引力波示意图。大约13亿年前,两个间隔大约300公里,相互绕转的中子星逐渐靠近,越转越快,造成周围时空的扰动,产生引力波信号,并最终合并为一体中子星合并并产生引力波示意图。大约13亿年前,两个间隔大约300公里,相互绕转的中子星逐渐靠近,越转越快,造成周围时空的扰动,产生引力波信号,并最终合并为一体

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海信电器   RANER,JIUSHIZHEIMENANYIZHIXINDECELIANGJINGDU,KEXUEJIAMENZUODAOLE。ZAI2015NIAN9YUE14RIGELINNIZHISHIJIAN09:50:45(BEIJINGSHIJIAN17:50:45),WEIYUMEIGUOHUASHENGDUNZHOUHANFUDEHELUYISIANNEIZHOULIEWENSIDUNDELIGOTANCESHESHIJUNJIESHOUDAOYIGEYINLIBOXINHAO,BINGGENJUQIXINHAOFAXIANSHIJIAN,JIANGQIBIANHAOWEI“GW150914“。FENXIJIEGUOXIANSHI,XINHAOGW150914SHIYOULIANGGEZHILIANGFENBIEWEI36BEIYIJI29BEITAIYANGZHILIANGDEHEIDONGHEBINGGUOCHENGZHONGERCHANSHENGDE,HEBINGHOUXINGCHENGDEDANYIHEIDONGZHILIANGYUEWEI62BEITAIYANGZHILIANG,KEJIANYOUJIANGJIN3BEITAIYANGZHILIANGDEWUZHIBEIZHUANHUACHENGLEYINLIBO,ERZHEIYISHIJIANDEFASHENGDIYUANZAI13YIGUANGNIANZHIWAI。ZHEISHIYICILICHENGBEISHIDESHIJIAN:RENLEISHOUCIZHIJIETANCEDAOLE100NIANQIANAIYINSITANSUOYUYANDEYINLIBOXINHAO。

海信电器   ERZINEIYIHOU,KEXUEJIAMENYOULULUXUXUTANCEDAOLE3CIXINDEYINLIBOXINHAO,BIANHAOFENBIESHIGW151226,GW170104YIJIGW170814,LINGWAI,HAIYOUYICIYISIDEYINLIBOXINHAOLVT151012。CONGBIANHAOSHANG,KEYIHENQINGCHUDEKANDAOXINHAOBEIJIESHOUDAODERIQI。QIZHONGZUIXINDEYICI,YEJIUSHIGW170814SHIOUZHOUZIJIDEYINLIBOTANCESHESHIVirgoSHOUCITANCEDAOYINLIBOXINHAO。

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  新进展二:首次观测到引力波光学对应体

海信电器   JIANDANYIJUHUA,JIUSHIZHEIYICIWOMENBUDANTANCEDAOLEYINLIBO,ERQIEHAIZHAODAOLECHANSHENGZHEIGEYINLIBOXINHAODEYUANTOU。

科学家们拍摄的引力波信号GW170817光学对应体。可以看到在两颗中子星合并之后4天时拍摄的画面中,光学辐射波段还很明亮,可以看到一个小亮点,但随着时间推移,逐渐消失了科学家们拍摄的引力波信号GW170817光学对应体。可以看到在两颗中子星合并之后4天时拍摄的画面中,光学辐射波段还很明亮,可以看到一个小亮点,但随着时间推移,逐渐消失了
在LIGO引力波探测器检测到引力波信号通过的几乎同时,正在地球轨道上运行的美国宇航局“费米”伽马射线望远镜和INTEGRAL等探测器监测到一个剧烈的伽马射线爆发事件。这一意外惊喜极大的帮助科学家们缩小了引力波来源天体的方位区域在LIGO引力波探测器检测到引力波信号通过的几乎同时,正在地球轨道上运行的美国宇航局“费米”伽马射线望远镜和INTEGRAL等探测器监测到一个剧烈的伽马射线爆发事件。这一意外惊喜极大的帮助科学家们缩小了引力波来源天体的方位区域

海信电器   2017NIAN8YUE17RIMEIGUODONGBUSHIJIAN8:41(BEIJINGSHIJIANDANGTIAN20:41),LIANGTAISHEZAIMEIGUODELIGOTANCEQI,YIJISHEZAIYIDALIJINGNEIDEVirgoTANCEQIDOUJIESHOUDAOLEYICIXINDEYINLIBOXINHAO。

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海信电器   LINGWAI,ZAILIGOYINLIBOTANCEQIJIANCEDAOYINLIBOXINHAOTONGGUODEJIHUTONGSHI,ZHENGZAIDIQIUGUIDAOSHANGYUNXINGDEMEIGUOYUHANGJU“FEIMI”JIAMASHEXIANWANGYUANJINGJIANCEDAOYIGEJULIEDEJIAMASHEXIANBAOFASHIJIAN。ZHEIYIYIWAIJINGXIJIDADEBANGZHUKEXUEJIAMENSUOXIAOLEYINLIBOLAIYUANTIANTIDEFANGWEIQUYU。SUIHOU, YINLIBOYANJIUZUDEKEXUEJIAMENXIANGQUANQIUGEDIDETONGXINGMENFACHULESHENQINGZHIYUANDEQINGQIUBINGHENKUAIDEDAOJIJIXIANGYING。

海信电器   JIXIAOSHINEI,JITAIDAXINGDIMIANWANGYUANJINGKAISHIZHIXIANGKEXUEJIAMENKUANGDINGDENANBANQIUNEIPIANQUYUKAISHIXUNZHAOKENENGDEYINLIBOYUANTOUBINGHENKUAIDEDAOJIEGUO。GUANGXUEWANGYUANJINGBAOGAOTAMENZAIYUDINGTIANQUZHAODAOYIKE“XINCHUXIANDEXING”,NEILIZHENGSHILIANGKEZHONGZIXINGHEBINGDEXIANCHANG,YEJIUSHICHANSHENGLEZHEICIYINLIBOXINHAODEYUANTOU。ZUIZHONG,QUANQIUYOUCHAOGUO70GETIANWENTAIYIJICHAOGUO100TAIGUANCESHEBEICONGGEGEBODUANTOURULEZHEIXIANGQUANQIUGUANCEDAXIEZUO。ZHEISHIYINLIBOYANJIULINGYUDEYOUYIZUOZHANXINLICHENGBEI,RUGUOJIANGYINLIBOBIZUOSHENGYIN,ERJIANGGUANGXUEBODUANDEGUANCEBIZUOSHIJUE,NEIMECIQIANSICIDEYINLIBOXINHAODOUSHI“ZHIWENQISHENG,BUJIANQIREN”,ERZHEIYICI,WOMENZHAODAOLEYINLIBOXINHAODUIYINGDETIANTI,KEWEI“WENQISHENG,QIEJIANQIREN”——MIANDUIHEIANGUANGMAOYUZHOU,WOMENBIANDE“ERCONGMUMING”LE!

  新进展三: 首次证实中子星合并事件可以产生大量重元素

海信电器   JIANDANYIJUHUA,JIUSHIZHEIYICIWOMENFAXIANZHONGZIXINGHEBINGGUOCHENGHUICHANSHENGDALIANGDEZHONGYUANSU,ZHEIJIEJUELEZHANGQIYILAIDEYIGEMITUAN。

从地面到太空,从赤道到南极,全球有超过70个天文台以及超过100台观测设备从各个波段投入了这项全球观测大协作从地面到太空,从赤道到南极,全球有超过70个天文台以及超过100台观测设备从各个波段投入了这项全球观测大协作
观测数据显示,在这两颗中子星的合并现场可以观察到明显的迹象,显示那里合成了大量重元素,包括金,铂和铀等。这回答了一个长期悬而未决的问题:宇宙中的重元素从何而来?观测数据显示,在这两颗中子星的合并现场可以观察到明显的迹象,显示那里合成了大量重元素,包括金,铂和铀等。这回答了一个长期悬而未决的问题:宇宙中的重元素从何而来?

海信电器   ZHEIGEKEYISHUOSHIYIGEFUCHANPINLE。KEXUEJIAMENZAIDUIZHEIGEGUANGXUEDUIYINGTIJINXINGGUANCESHIHOU,FAXIANZHEILIANGGEZHONGZIXINGHEBINGDEGUOCHENGZHONGCHANSHENGLEDALIANGDEZHONGYUANSU,BIRUJIN,PO,YIJIYOUZHILEI。ZHEISHIDUIZHIQIANLILUNDEYICIZHENGSHI。

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海信电器   HAFODAXUESHIMISENTIANTIWULIXUEZHONGXINDEEERDUO·BEIGE(Edo Berger)BIAOSHI:“CIQIANYUANSUZHOUQIBIAOZHONGNEIXIEZHILIANGZUIDADEYUANSUDEQIYUANYIZHIBUSHENMINGLE,ZHIDAOJINTIAN——WOMENLEJIEDAO,TAMENKEYIZAIZHONGZIXINGDEHEBINGGUOCHENGZHONGBEICHANSHENGCHULAI。”TASHUO:“MEICIZHEIYANGDEHEBINGSHIJIANDOUNENGCHANSHENGZHILIANGCHAOGUOYIGEDIQIUDEGUIJINSHU,BIRUPOJINHEHUANGJIN,HAIYOUHENDUOFEICHANGXISHAODEXITUYUANSU。”SHISHISHANG,KEXUEJIAMENDEJISUANXIANSHI,JINNIAN8YUE17HAOGUANCEDAODEZHEICIZHONGZIXINGHEBINGSHIJIAN,CHANSHENGLEXIANGDANGYU10BEIDIQIUZHILIANGDEHUANGJINHEBOJIN。ZHEIXIEZHONGYUANSUZAIZHEILIBEIZHIZAOCHULAI,BINGSUIHOUBEISABODAOYUZHOUGECHU,HUOXUQIZHONGYIBUFENHUIYOUYITIANLUODAODIQIUSHANG,ZUIZHONGCHENGWEILEWOMENHUNLISHANGDEAIQINGXINWU。

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